About Sri Lanka

About Sri Lanka

Set in the Indian Ocean in South Asia, the tropical island nation of Sri Lanka has a history dating back to the birth of time. It is a place where the original soul of Buddhism still flourishes and where nature’s beauty remains abundant and unspoilt.

Few places in the world can offer the traveller such a remarkable combination of stunning landscapes, pristine beaches, captivating cultural heritage and unique experiences within such a compact location. Within a mere area of 65,610 kilometres lie 8 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 1,330 kilometres of coastline - much of it pristine beach - 15 national parks showcasing an abundance of wildlife, nearly 500,000 acres of lush tea estates, 250 acres of botanical gardens, 350 waterfalls, 25,000 water bodies, to a culture that extends back to over 2,500 years.

This is an island of magical proportions, once known as Serendib, Taprobane, the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, and Ceylon. Discover refreshingly Sri Lanka!

Sri Lanka - Worls's No 01 Destination to Visit in Year 2013

- Lonely Planet

Sri Lanka among the world's top five exotic destinations to visit in 2012

- HELLO Magazine , UK

One of the World's top 5 Destinations for 2012

- Conde Nast Traveler Magazine

Home to 8 World Heritage Sites

- UNESCO

No:02 In the List if Top 20 Tourist Destinations for 2010

- National Geographic Channel

One of the Top 06 Destinations for Travel in 2012

- National Geographic Travel Magazine

One of the Top 5 Destinations Where UK Customers want to spend their Holiday

- KOUNI Annual Travel Report

No 01 Travel Destination of year 2010

- New York Times

  • Official Name

    Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

  • Government Type

    Republic

  • Location

    Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator

  • Dimensions

    430km North to South, 225km East to West

  • Coastline

    1,340 km

  • Area

    65,525 sq.km

  • Currency (code)

    Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)

  • Independence

    4 February 1948

  • Administrative Capital

    Sri Jayewardenepura

  • Commercial Capital

    Colombo

  • Administrative Divisions

    Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west

  • Terrain

    Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior

  • Highest Mountain

    Pidurutalagala, 2,524m

  • Highest Waterfall

    Bambarakanda, 263m

  • National Flower

    The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).

  • National Parks and Nature Reserves Area

    8,000sq.km

  • Population

    21,128,773

  • Population Growth Rate

    1.3%

  • Population Density

    309 people per sq km

  • Life Expectancy at Birth

    74 female, 64 male

  • Literacy Rate

    Female 87.9 Male 92.5

  • Ethnic Groups

    Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)

  • Languages

    Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8% Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population

  • Religion

    Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)

  • Time Zone

    Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)

  • International Dialing

    +94

  • Electricity

    230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer

  • Labour Force

    34.3% of the labour population is employed in agriculture, 25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.) The unemployment rate is 5.7% (2007 est.)

  • Agriculture & Products

    Rice, Sugarcane, Grains, Pulses, Oilseed, Spices, Tea, Rubber, Coconuts, milk, Eggs, Hides, Beef, Fish

  • Industries

    Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities, telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles, cement, petroleum refining.

  • Exports

    Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish

  • Imports

    Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportation equipment: $10.61 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.).

  • Gross National Product (GNP)

    Sri Lanka is placed in 76th place in GNP figures of the world.s nations with $22.8 billion (2005)

  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

    Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.). Official exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.) Real growth rate: 6.3% (2007 est.) Per capita: $4,100 (2007 est.) composition by sector: Agriculture: 16.5% Industry: 26.9%

  • Flag Description

    Yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border around the entire flag and extends between the two panels